When Radmila came to the Dagestani capital Makhachkala to study medicine, she was ashamed that her shabby clothes and meagre possessions betrayed her poor rural background to the other students.“They were so well-presented,” Radmila said of her classmates.
“They all had mobile phones and cool stuff, and I was wearing my sister’s hand-me-downs.“I saw how easily other [girls] lived, and what fun lives they led. Housework, the garden and the livestock to be taken care of.”Although her upbringing was strict, Radmila – not her real name - abandoned her studies when she heard that prostitutes at the local saunas could earn 700 roubles (25 US dollars) an hour.
It is a human rights violation which affects hundreds of millions of women and girls on all continents,” Mary Wandia, FGM program manager at Equality Now, an international human rights organization, said in a statement emailed to .
The United Nations estimates that more than 200 million women and girls around the world have undergone FGM in their lifetime, and Equality Now says there has been an increase in awareness of FGM’s prevalence in India, Singapore, Colombia, Yemen and Indonesia over the past few years.
It’s the first time a quantitative report has been published about the existence of FGM in the country.
“FGM can no longer be seen as a supposedly ‘African’ issue.
Bride kidnapping has been practiced around the world and throughout history.
It continues to occur in countries in Central Asia, the Caucasus region, and parts of Africa, and among peoples as diverse as the Hmong in Southeast Asia, the Tzeltal in Mexico, and the Romani in Europe.
Some cultures today maintain symbolic bride kidnapping ritual as part of traditions surrounding a wedding, in a nod to the practice of bride kidnapping which may have figured in that culture's history.
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According to some sources, the honeymoon is a relic of marriage by capture, based on the practice of the husband going into hiding with his wife to avoid reprisals from her relatives, with the intention that the woman would be pregnant by the end of the month.
Though the motivations behind bride kidnapping vary by region, the cultures with traditions of marriage by abduction are generally patriarchal with a strong social stigma on sex or pregnancy outside marriage and illegitimate births.